2014 Assessment done by VNG International and IRC
This Briefing Note captures the findings of the Technology Check on the India Mark II hand pump in Okulu village, Ifoho boma, Imurok payam, Torit County.
Summary of conclusions
- Demand in communities for hand pumps is high and the technology will satisfy the water demands of most if not the entire community.
- The hand pump technology in general is aligned with the national policies, strategies and standards.
- Government institutions exist to support a rural water service to last forever.
- The present perceptions, attitudes and behaviours of the communities need to change to have their roles and responsibly on the hand pump accepted and made effective to get a lasting water service.
- Payment for water services by the users group is not the norm, and needs to be secured to ensure sustainability.
- As the present UNICEF-supported spare parts supply will stop, a serious vacuum will appear that needs to be filled by a stable, effective hand pump spare parts supply chain, possibly involving the private sector.
- The private sector in South Sudan does not produce the India Mark II hand pump or a derived product; however, a firm in South Sudan appears to sell the hand pump and its spare parts.
- TAF Assessment (2014) Technology Recommendation Borehole & Hand Pump India Mark II Torit County – Eastern Equatoria South Sudan