TAF Assessment by IRC and VNG
Summary of conclusions and recommendations
- Demand in communities for hand pumps is high and the technology does satisfy the water demands of most if not the entire community.
- The hand pump technology in general is aligned with the national policies, strategies and standards.
- The present perceptions, attitudes and behaviours of the communities need to change to have their roles and responsibly on the hand pump accepted and made effective to get a lasting water service. This includes payment for water services, which is currently not the norm.
- Water users through Water Management Committees (WMCs) are responsible for daily operation and minor maintenance. However WMCs are often not present, and even if established not trained, although this is key for sustainability
- Government institutions exist to support rural water services. However, capacities and resources are insufficient to ensure this effectively.
- The current UNICEF-supported spare parts supply system will soon stop, creating a serious gap that needs to be filled by a stable, effective hand pump spare parts supply chain, possibly involving the private sector.
- The private sector in South Sudan does not produce the India Mark II hand pump or a derived product; however, several firms and organisations in the country procure the pump and its spare parts.
- TAF Assessment (2014) Technology Recommendation Borehole & Hand Pump India Mark II Kapoeta North County – Eastern Equatoria South Sudan