TAF Pilot Assessment by KNUST, TREND and WaterAid Ghana


The Ghana Modified India Mark II is a manually operated pump that is suitable for installation on both hand dug wells and boreholes. The original India Mark II was introduced into Ghana on a large scale during a German funded project which was carried out mainly in the Ashanti, Brong Ahafo, Western, Volta, Eastern and Central regions in the mid 1990s. This project saw 3,000 boreholes being drilled with pumps installed over a period of 18 months.


The selling price of water from the Ghana Modified India Mark II is sufficient to cover operation and minor maintenance costs but attention should be paid to community level financial management to ensure that sufficient funds are collected and saved to cover major repair works.

Community level arrangements should be made for those with disabilities, older people and poor people, to ensure they can access the pump. However, designing the technology to meet this variety of requirements will make the system more expensive to produce.